Lead In Firing Ranges
The primary sources of lead associated with firing ranges include the use of lead bullets and cartridge primers, which are commonly still used in ammunition. Lead fumes and dust are emitted from the exposed base of the unjacketed bullet when the ammunition is fired. Hot flames of burning gunpowder acting on the exposed lead base of a projectile create the airborne lead at the firing line. Downrange, lead is also airborne from the projectiles hitting the backstops, floor and walls. Lead dust accumulation on surfaces and in the ventilation system is also a concern.
At the Institute for Environmental Assessment, Inc. (IEA), we offer assessment services related to indoor firing range lead hazards. We provide consultation services regarding lead in indoor firing ranges as follows:
- Assessments to identify potential lead hazards utilizing lead testing and provide reporting that includes observations, laboratory results, and recommendations.
- Lead exposure monitoring for shooting participants in accordance with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.1025.
- Ventilation system studies to assess function and airflow in the firing range, cleaning areas and adjacent areas.
- Lead awareness safety training.
- Lead program evaluation, development and implementation to include operation, procedures, cleaning activities and safety compliance.
- Lead abatement design and contractor management.
IEA has worked with city and county government, police departments, federal agencies including the National Guard, and universities.